Ballast:  Weight located on either side of a ship to keep balance and avoid swaying from side to side.

Bow:  Forward part of a ship beginning where the sides move inward and ending where they meet at the stem.

Bulkhead:  Any vertical partition separating compartments or spaces on a ship.

Boatdeck:  Uppermost deck of a ship on which lifeboats are stowed.

Companionway:  Interior stairs on a ship.

Crew’s Quarters: Rooms where ship’s crewmembers sleep.

Head:  Term used to describe a bathroom on a ship.

Hold:  Lowest part of the ship.

Keel:  The main centerline structure (beam) running along the center bottom of a ship.

Ladder:  Stairways going down into the hold of a ship.

Knots:  Measurement of nautical speed; one knot equals 1.18 miles.

M.S.:  Motor ship; ship powered by a motor engine.

Messroom:  A room in which crewmembers have their meals.

Galley:  Kitchen area on a ship where the food is prepared.

Port Hole: A circular opening on the sides of ships to give light and air to passengers and crew’ when closed it is watertight.

Rudder:  The device that steers and maneuvers the ship.

Port Side: Term used to describe the left side on ships.

Starboard Side: Term used to describe the right side on ships.

Stem:  A pointed device found at the tip of the bow, usually for decoration.  Commonly used by the captain to keep the ship on a straight course by pointing the tip of the stem to an object on land.

S.S.:  Steam ship; ship powered by steam from burning coal or wood.

Stern:  Far end of the ship.

Wheelhouse:  The area on a ship located on the boat deck where the steering devices are located.

Gimbals:  A system of rings arranged to allow a suspended object such as a compass to maintain a horizontal position.

Telegraph:  A device used to the signal engine room for changes in speed.

Tie Down Rod: Rods used to secure wheelhouse and allows for removal of the wheelhouse.

Propeller:  Revolving shaft with blades for propelling ships.